AskDefine | Define shear

Dictionary Definition



1 (physics) a deformation of an object in which parallel planes remain parallel but are shifted in a direction parallel to themselves; "the shear changed the quadrilateral into a parallelogram"
2 (usually plural) large scissors with strong blades [syn: shears]
3 a large edge tool that cuts sheet metal by passing a blade through it


1 cut with shears; "shear hedges"
2 shear the wool from; "shear sheep" [syn: fleece]
3 cut or cut through with shears

User Contributed Dictionary



From scieran, from *|skeran, from *|(s)ker-. Cognate with Dutch scheren, German scheren, Norwegian skjære, Swedish skära; and (from Indo-European) with Ancient Greek sc=Grek, Latin caro, Lithuanian skìrti, Welsh ysgar.



  1. To cut, originally with a sword or other bladed weapon, now usually with shears, or as if using shears.
    • 1819, Walter Scott, Ivanhoe:
      So trenchant was the Templar’s weapon, that it shore asunder, as it had been a willow twig, the tough and plaited handle of the mace, which the ill-fated Saxon reared to parry the blow, and, descending on his head, levelled him with the earth.
  2. To remove the fleece from a sheep etc by clipping
  3. To deform because of shearing forces


to cut
  • Dutch: afsnijden, knippen
  • German: abschneiden, schneiden
  • Hungarian: vág, levág
  • Italian: tagliare
  • Japanese: 切る, 剪断する
  • Norwegian: klippe
to remove the fleece from a sheep
  • Dutch: scheren
  • French: tondre
  • German: scheren
  • Hungarian: megnyír
  • Italian: tosare
  • Japanese: 刈る
  • Norwegian: klippe
  • Persian: کوتاه کردن
  • Russian: стричь
  • Spanish: tundir
  • Turkish: kırkmak
to deform because of shearing forces
  • Norwegian: klippe


  1. a cutting tool similar to scissors, but often larger
  2. the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
  3. a force that produces a shearing strain

Derived terms


a cutting tool similar to scissors
  • Norwegian: bøylesaks
the act of shearing, or something removed by shearing
  • Norwegian: klipp
a force that produces a shearing strain
  • Norwegian: klipp

Extensive Definition

For similarly pronounced words, see sheer, Shere, or sher.
Shear as a noun may refer to:
Shear as a verb or shearing may refer to
  • Sheep shearing, the process of removing the wool from a sheep
  • Shearing interferometer, in optics, a simple and very common means to check the collimation of beams by observing interference
  • Shearing (physics), the deformation of a material substance in which parallel internal surfaces slide past one another
  • Skin, specifically, the tearing and splitting of the layers
  • Shearing in computer graphics, more commonly called Page tearing
SHEAR as an acronym may refer to
shear in German: Scherung
shear in French: Shear
shear in Japanese: シアリング
shear in Simple English: Shear

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

abbreviate, abridge, abscind, abstract, amputate, annihilate, ban, bar, barb, barber, bare, bleed, bleed white, bob, boil down, capsulize, clip, compress, condense, contract, crop, cull, curtail, cut, cut away, cut back, cut down, cut off, cut off short, cut out, cut short, denudate, denude, deplume, despoil, displume, divest, dock, drain, dry, elide, eliminate, enucleate, epitomize, eradicate, except, excise, exclude, exhaust, expose, extinguish, extirpate, flay, fleece, foreshorten, impoverish, isolate, knock off, lay bare, lay open, lop, manicure, milk, mow, mutilate, nip, pare, peel, pick clean, pick out, pluck, poll, pollard, prune, reap, recap, recapitulate, reduce, remove, retrench, root out, rule out, set apart, set aside, shave, shorten, skin, skive, snip, snub, stamp out, strike off, strip, strip bare, strip off, stunt, suck dry, sum up, summarize, synopsize, take in, take off, take out, telescope, trim, truncate, uncloak, uncover, unsheathe, unveil, wipe out
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